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Paramatthaka Sutta

On Views

Translated from the Pali by John D. Ireland
For free distribution only

"A person who associates himself with certain views, considering them as best and making them supreme in the world, he says, because of that, that all other views are inferior; therefore he is not free from contention with others. In what is seen, heard, cognized and in ritual observances performed, he sees a profit for himself. Just by laying hold of that view he regards every other view as worthless. Those skilled in judgment [1] say that a view becomes a bond if, relying on it, one regards everything else as inferior. Therefore a Bhikkhu should not depend on what is seen, heard or cognized, nor upon ritual observances. He should not present himself as equal to, nor imagine himself to be inferior, nor better than, another. Abandoning the views he had previously held and not taking up another, he does not seek a support even in knowledge. Among those who dispute he is certainly not one to take sides. He does not have recourse to a view at all. In whom there is no inclination to either extreme, for becoming or non-becoming, here or in another existence, for him there does not exist a fixed viewpoint on investigating the doctrines assumed by others. Concerning the seen, the heard and the cognized he does not form the least notion. That brahmana [2] who does not grasp at a view, with what could he be identified in the world?

"They do not speculate nor pursue any notion; doctrines are not accepted by them. A true brahmana is beyond, does not fall back on views."



1. I.e., the Buddha’s and their disciples who have realized the goal.

2. I.e., a perfected one.

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